Annie Oakley (western, starring Gail Davis)

    (Syndicated by CBS Films, 1952 - 1956)

    [original title first 2 seasons: "Annie Oakley and Tagg";
     Produced by Gene Autry's Flying 'A' productions]

Open Theme 1: "Annie Oakley M and E (1270 & 1271)"

    [aka: "Deadwood Dick" (original B-picture Main Title);

     As contributor M. Koldys reports, Lee Zahler's name was given
     a "Music By" credit seen on a 1940 Columbia B-picture called 
     "Deadwood Dick" which was serialized for theatrical release; 
     An examination of this THEME supplied by contributor M. Koldys
     verified that the "Deadwood Dick" Main Title is indeed the
     same piece of music and even the same recording used as the
     Main Title Opening on an aircheck of "Annie Oakley" released on
     the 1973 LP (and 1999 CD re-issue) of "Classic TV Themes" from
     Breakable Records; (the MUTEL library track "Western Theme" was
     heard on the LP & CD, from the same aircheck used as the End 
     Credits THEME for the series);

     Although no credit for "Deadwood Dick" was found in ASCAP 2002,
     other Columbia pictures scored by Lee Zahler were published by
     Irving Berlin Music, c/o Williamson Music of New York City, NY]

     Composer: Lee Zahler (ASCAP)

     1978 Publishers: [listed without publisher in the
                       1978 ASCAP Index of Performed Compositions]

     2002 Publishers: [listed without publisher in the
                       2002 ASCAP ACE Repertoire Database]
     Composition Date: circa 1940.

     Copyright Date:
     Renewal   Date:

         CD: "TV Classic Themes: 25th Anniversary Edition"
              Breakable Records DPMC 105 (1999)

Closing Theme 2: "Western Theme"

    [aka: "Western Theme Reel 3" (MUTEL Music Service Title);
     aka: "Theme No. 215" (Capitol "Q" Series Title);
     This was the closing THEME remembered by many as the "Annie Oakley"
     THEME although its origins are a bit murky; The MUTEL (Music for
     Television) library of David Chudnow often hired B-picture composers
     to revise cues originally written for low budget films and change
     a few notes of the melody, re-arrange them for a 40-piece orchestra
     and re-record them in France under the baton of George Tzipine;

     It is not known if Joseph Mullendore was the sole composer of
     this piece or whether it was co-written with Herb Taylor, who was
     one of the MUTEL composers (who also composed the "Twenty Mule
     Train" THEME for "Death Valley Days), or by Herschel Burke Gilbert,
     or by someone else MUTEL used;

     It is also possible that this piece -- which closely resembled Rex
     Koury's "Old Trail" THEME for "Gunsmoke" -- was written as a 
     "sound-a-like" of "Old Trail" expressly for the MUTEL library, or
     whether it was taken from a B-picture End Title originally written
     years earlier by Mullendore, Taylor or Gilbert;

     MUTEL also licensed this piece as one of the THEMEs for the series
     "Sky King" under the MUTEL title "Western Theme" with a fictitious
     name on cue sheets of "Joseph Solon" as verified by the CBS Music
     Director in the 1980s; Later the name "George Lee" was attached to
     the BMI credit for "Western Theme Reel 3"; these names apparently 
     were used to collect royalties since no known U.S. radio/TV/film 
     composers existed by those names; 

     This was also the THEME for Cowboy G-Men produced and syndicated 
     by a firm called Telemount-Mutual.

     The dramatic 8-bar orchestral introduction was used as a kind of
     "logo" for Gene Autry's Flying 'A' productions; they spliced the
     8-bar intro onto the beginning of several other opening THEMEs
     several series produced by Flying 'A' -- including The Range Rider 
     and Buffalo Bill Jr. But after the opening 8-bars, another THEME
     melody was heard on these shows.

     MUTEL sub-licensed their library to Capitol Special Products, a 
     division of Capitol Records for uses on live local radio & TV
     which named this library the "Capitol 'Q' Series." From this
     source many local stations used the THEME to introduce local
     western movie shows;

     So this piece was one of the most famous (but anonymous) THEMEs
     heard on television during the 1950s The fictitious names George Lee 
     and Joseph Solon were pseudonyms for collecting royalties used by 
     David Chudnow's MUTEL Music Service; possibly for Herb Taylor or others;
     Joseph Mullendore was the name of a real composer who worked for MUTEL]

     Composers: Joseph ("Joe") Mullendore (ASCAP/BMI),
                George Lee (BMI) 
               [pseudonym of unknown ghost writer for the MUTEL music service], and
                Joseph Solon (BMI)
               [pseudonym of unknown ghost writer for the MUTEL music service]

     1978 Publishers: Byron Music Company (BMI)

     1999 Publishers: Byron Music Company (BMI)
                        of Beverly Hills, CA
     Copyright Date:
     Renewal   Date:

         From the MUTEL music library
               [original versions]

         78rpm reference disks in the Capitol "Q" Series library
               Q-99:  cut 1: Theme No. 215 - OPENING (Western-Full)
               Q-99:  cut 2: Theme No. 215 - CLOSING (Western-Full)
               Q-101: cut 1: Theme No. 215 - Long Version (Western)

         CD: "TV Classic Themes: 25th Anniversary Edition"
              Breakable Records DPMC 105 (1999)

Opening Theme 3: "West of Tarkio: theme song from Annie Oakley TV series"

    [above is title as filed for copyright; ASCAP title variations...
     aka: "Annie Oakley M & ET";
     A careful examination of this melody reveals that it is nearly
     identical to the Opening Theme #1 above taken from the 1940 film
     "Deadwood Dick" by Lee Zahler; however it is NOT the same melody
     as that of "Deadwood Dick" but a slight variation of it;

     Perhaps the producers, after a couple of seasons, realized that
     the series would last a bit longer; so they commissioned a new
     THEME from tv/film composer Greene and asked him to make it
     as close as possible to the "library track" they had been using
     previously...since the copyright was filed after the series had
     ended, it's hard to know for how many seasons for this THEME
     was used, but it may have used during the last one or two years.
     Regarding the meaning of this title? Composer Walter W. Greene 
     was born in Tarkio, Missouri in 1910.]

     Composer: Walter W. Greene (ASCAP)

     1978 Publishers: Criterion Music Corp. (ASCAP)

     1998 Publishers: Criterion Music Corporation (ASCAP) of
                      Hollywood, CA

     Copyright Date: June  2, 1958; Eu 526 994.
     Renewal   Date: Sep. 18, 1986; RE-304-965.


Closing Theme 4: "Annie Oakley"

    [This is thought to be the vocal closing THEME used during the last
     season or two sung by Gail Davis -- which is mentioned in the book
    "TV Theme Soundtrack Directory" by Craig Pattillo;
     Fred Weiss sometimes used the pseudonym of "Fred Wise"]

     Composers: Benjamin Weisman (ASCAP), and
                Fred Weiss (ASCAP)

     1978 Publishers: [not listed in the 1978 ASCAP 
                       Index of Performed Compositions]

     1999 Publishers: Blen Music, Inc. (ASCAP)
                         of Marina Del Rey, CA; and
                      Erika Publishing (ASCAP)
                         of Chapel Hill, NC
     Copyright Date: May 20, 1958; Eu 526 889.
     Renewal   Date: Jan. 8, 1986; RE-277-951.


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